中国地质环境信息服务平台研究
详细信息 本馆镜像全文    |  推荐本文 | | 获取馆网全文
摘要
为了满足地质环境数据充分高效地服务于中国地质环境管理、综合评价、可视化展示及辅助决策等需求,在分析国内外地质环境信息服务平台应用现状的基础上,总结当前中国地质环境信息服务平台特点及存在的主要问题;提出"分布集成、统一管理、集中服务"的建设模式,进而设计平台逻辑层次,功能体系及内、外接口,并构建中国地质环境信息服务平台。结果表明:中国地质环境信息服务平台逻辑上分为5个层次,自底向上依次为基础设施层、数据层、功能层、服务层和用户层;其功能体系包括分布式地质环境数据集成系统、地质环境信息服务基础支撑系统、地质环境智能感知系统、地质环境综合评价系统和地质环境一张图服务系统;平台五大系统在统一的集成框架下,具有较好的交互性与实用性,可实现分散、多源、异构地质环境数据的整合集成,地质环境变化信息的实时感知,综合信息分类分级评价,地质环境信息多维表征与一张图展示等功能。中国地质环境信息服务平台的构建,对于充分规划、配置、发挥地质环境资源,辅助地质灾害应急决策等具有重要意义。
In order to meet the requirement of China geo-environment management,comprehensive evaluation,visualization and decision-making,the applications of geo-environment information service system platform around the world were analyzed,and the characteristic and major issues of China geo-environmental information service platform(CGISP)were summarized;the mode of "distributed integration,uniform management and centralized service"was put forward to build logical layer,function architecture and internal and external interfaces,and then China geo-environmental information service platform was built.The results showed that the five logical layers of CGISP were infrastructure,data,function,service and user from the bottom up;the function system of CGISP included distributed geo-environmental data integration system,geo-environmental information service based support system,geo-environmental intellisense system,geo-environmental comprehensive evaluation system and geo-environmental one-map service system;the above five systems were very interactive and practical under the uniform framework,and implemented the integration of dispersive,multi-source and heteroid geo-environmental data,the real-time sensing of geo-environmental change information,the classification and rating evaluation of summarized information,the multi-dimensional characterization of geo-environmental information and the one-map display.The construction of CGISP played an important role in planning,disposing and exploiting geo-environmental resources,and helping emergency decision-making for geological disaster.
引文
[1]徐曙光.美国建立滑坡灾害实时监测-预警系统[J].国土资源情报,2001(6):52.XU Shu-guang.Landslide Hazard Real-time Monitor-ing and Warning System of United States[J].Landand Resources Information,2001(6):52.
    [2]姚国章.日本自然灾害预警系统建设报告[J].电子政务,2007(11):67-82.YAO Guo-zhang.Construction Report of NaturalHazard Warning System of Japan[J].E-government,2007(11):67-82.
    [3]唐彩娣,姚国章.韩国自然灾害预警系统建设及其经验借鉴[J].信息化建设,2008(7):44-46.TANG Cai-di,YAO Guo-zhang.Construction and Expe-rience of South Korea Natural Hazard Warning System[J].Informatization Construction,2008(7):44-46.
    [4]黄建军,李雪梅.宝鸡城市地质环境质量评价研究[J].西安工程学院学报,2001,23(1):50-53.HUANG Jian-jun,LI Xue-mei.Study and Appraise onUrban Geological Environment in Baoji City[J].Journalof Xi'an Engineering University,2001,23(1):50-53.
    [5]余丰华,麻土华,张义顺,等.浙江省突发性地质灾害预警预报系统应用研究[J].中国地质灾害与防治学报,2006,17(1):36-39.YU Feng-hua,MA Tu-hua,ZHANG Yi-shun,et al.Application and Study on Abrupt Geological Hazardsfor Early-warning and Prediction in Zhejiang Province[J].The Chinese Journal of Geological Hazard andControl,2006,17(1):36-39.
    [6]冯杭建,李伟,麻土华,等.地质灾害预警预报信息发布系统——基于ANN和GIS的新一代发布系统[J].自然灾害学报,2009,18(1):187-193.FENG Hang-jian,LI Wei,MA Tu-hua,et al.GeologicalDisasters Early Warning and Forecast Information-releasing System—A New Generation of ReleasingSystem based on ANN and GIS[J].Journal of NaturalDisasters,2009,18(1):187-193.
    [7]唐朝晖,刘楠,柴波,等.合山市矿山地质环境影响评价研究[J].水文地质工程地质,2012,39(6):124-130.TANG Zhao-hui,LIU Nan,CHAI Bo,et al.Mining Geo-environmental Impact Assessment of Heshan City[J].Hydrogeology and Engineering Geology,2012,39(6):124-130.
    [8]景学义,王开宇,贾艳辉,等.哈尔滨市地质灾害气象诱因分析及监测预警[J].自然灾害学报,2008,17(1):139-142.JING Xue-yi,WANG Kai-yu,JIA Yan-hui,et al.Mete-orological Cause Analysis and Early Warning of Geo-logical Disasters in Harbin City[J].Journal of NaturalDisasters,2008,17(1):139-142.
    [9]贾永刚,方鸿琪.青岛城市地质环境信息系统(QUGIS)的设计与实现[J].中国地质灾害与防治学报,1999,10(2):45-52.JIA Yong-gang,FANG Hong-qi.The Design andComplishment of Qingdao Urban Geological Environ-ment Information System[J].The Chinese Journal ofGeological Hazard and Control,1999,10(2):45-52.
    [10]刘兴权,姜群鸥,战金艳.地质灾害预警预报模型设计与应用[J].工程地质学报,2008,16(3):342-347.LIU Xing-quan,JIANG Qun-ou,ZHAN Jin-yan.Designand Application of Geo-hazard Early-warning Model[J].Journal of Engineering Geology,2008,16(3):342-347.
    [11]马霄汉,陆柏树,陈国金.湖北省地质灾害信息系统[J].中国地质灾害与防治学报,1999,10(4):80-85.MA Xiao-han,LU Bai-shu,CHEN Guo-jin.Data Baseof Geological Hazard System of Hubei Province[J].The Chinese Journal of Geological Hazard and Control,1999,10(4):80-85.
    [12]徐春迪,郭俊理.基于GIS的陕西省地质灾害信息系统设计[J].灾害学,2005,20(2):102-105.XU Chun-di,GUO Jun-li.Design of Geological Haz-ard Information System in Shaanxi Based on GIS[J].Journal of Catastrophology,2005,20(2):102-105.
    [13]诸云强,宫辉力,赵文吉,等.地下水空间分析系统的设计与实现[J].地学前缘,2003,10(3):276.ZHU Yun-qiang,GONG Hui-li,ZHAO Wen-ji,et al.The Design and Implementation of Groundwater SpatialAnalysis System[J].Earth Science Frontiers,2003,10(3):276.
    [14]郑庭明.山东省地下水监测数据管理与发布系统的设计与实现[D].济南:山东大学,2007.ZHENG Ting-ming.The Design and Realization ofShandong Province Underwater Monitoring DataManagement and Issue System[D].Jinan:ShandongUniversity,2007.
    [15]蔡子华,段学军,李向远,等.浙江省农业地质环境信息系统建设初探[J].资源调查与环境,2005,26(2):120-127.CAI Zi-hua,DUAN Xue-jun,LI Xiang-yuan,et al.Construction of Agriculture Geology Environment In-formation System in Zhejiang Province[J].ResourcesSurvey and Environment,2005,26(2):120-127.
    [16]赵法锁,宋飞,王艳婷,等.基于GIS的略阳县地质环境质量评价[J].地球科学与环境学报,2006,28(1):88-91.ZHAO Fa-suo,SONG Fei,WANG Yan-ting,et al.Geoenvironmental Quality Assessment of LueyangCounty Based on GIS[J].Journal of Earth Sciencesand Environment,2006,28(1):88-91.
    [17]张红才,金星,李军,等.地震预警系统研究及应用进展[J].地球物理学进展,2013,28(2):706-719.ZHANG Hong-cai,JIN Xing,LI Jun,et al.Progressof Research and Application of Earthquake EarlyWarning System(EEWs)[J].Progress in Geophys-ics,2013,28(2):706-719.
    [18]焦方晖,贾永刚,王治良,等.崂山地质灾害远程监测预警系统构建[J].中国海洋大学学报:自然科学版,2012,42(1/2):49-53.JIAO Fang-hui,JIA Yong-gang,WANG Zhi-liang,et al.Construction of Remote Monitoring and EarlyWarning System in Laoshan Geological Hazards[J].Periodical of Ocean University of China:NaturalScience Edition,2012,42(1/2):49-53.
    [19]袁宏,钟红梅,赖德军,等.基于Flex Viewer框架的地质灾害在线实时监测预警系统研究[J].自然灾害学报,2013,22(2):177-184.YUAN Hong,ZHONG Hong-mei,LAI De-jun,et al.Geological Disaster On-line Real-time Monitoring andEarly-warning System Research Based on the FlexViewer Framework[J].Journal of Natural Disasters,2013,22(2):177-184.

版权所有:© 2021 中国地质图书馆 中国地质调查局地学文献中心